The baraccati of Rome: internal migration, housing, and poverty in fascist Italy (1924-1933)
Author(s): Stefano Chianese
JEL Classification: N34, N94, R23, R38, R39
Newly discovered archival material is used to document the standard of living of slum dwellers in fascist Rome. As part of the regime's effort to suppress growing shanty towns in the capital, the Governorate of Rome conducted a census in 1933, gathering information on the identity and living conditions of their inhabitants, the "baraccati". The paper analyzes the mostly migrant families of the shanty towns, identifying their social and demographic characteristics.
Keywords: fascism, household budgets, housing, internal migration, poverty, slum dwellers