“Between World War I and World War II, at the height of Fascism, droves of Italians abandoned the countryside and small villages to converge on the big cities of the centre and north of the country. […] Previously unpublished documentation found in Rome’s Capitoline Archives provides us with a very detailed view of the dual phenomenon of internal immigration and spontaneous slum settlements in Rome during Fascism.”
The HHB working paper no.6 is an invitation to explore the roots of Rome’s informal settlements.
Covering 136 families in the three cities of Dakar, Saint Louis and Thies in 1954-1955, this study stems from the willingness to promote household budget surveys in the so far neglected French West Africa. Among the three studies, a thorough report is available for the city of Thies for 43 Muslim families. Information include family structure, total income and expenditure but also food consumption (in terms of both expenditure and quantity), energy use, household maintenance and social and religious dues.
The HHB team is still looking for the detailed records of the other 93 families. Given that the country gained independence in 1960, this source represents a precious piece of information about standards of living near the end of the colonial era.
The survey was directed by Yvon Mersadier, a French economist from the Institut de recherche pour le developpement (IRD), and published in the Senegalese Institut Francais d’Afrique Noire (IFAN) bulletin where he was seconded in the 50s. He is considered a pioneer in household survey researches in the region.
Next Saturday, July 9, the HHB Team will continue the series of seminars accompaning all the stages of the project. The third meeting will see an internal discussion on some research works based on household budgets data, soon part of the HHBD currently under construction.
h09.30: Internal migration, housing and poverty in Fascist Rome: the case of baraccati (1924-1933) - Stefano Chianese, PhD;
h10.15: On the historical use of standard budgets - Francesco Olivanti, BA;
h11.00: COFFEE BREAK;
h11.15: Poor Law Application and Report Books in Hertfordshire, 1876-1907 - Agnese Gatti;
h11.35: Poverty Levels in West African Possessions - Sédi-Anne Boukaka, MESCI student;
h11.55: Living standards and household budgets: Czechoslovakia 1920-1929 - Francesco Clavorà Braulin, MSc;
With the Working Paper no. 1 - the HHB manifesto, "On Historical Household Budgets", authored by the PIs of the Project - HHB launches its dedicated WP Series.
The Series is meant to host papers related to the study of household budget and living standards, both in terms of economic and historical analysis, methodology or surveying the sources available. More information in the brand-new online hub of the Series, where soon you will find also the other forthcoming publications.
Covering the years from 1920 to 1929, a new source about living standards in Czechoslovakia, obtained from the archives of the Czech Statistical Office based in Prague, will soon join the HHB database.
This series of publications reporting household budgets, published almost regularly from 1922 to 1931, is extremely rich, with details about household composition, occupations, revenues, expenditures, and food and beverage consumption. On average, about one hundred variables per year.
Provided that Czechoslovakia became a sovereign state in 1918, as a consequence of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after WWI, this source represents a complete novelty for the area. The availability of data about more than 800 households is crucial to understand the economic development of this newborn State.